CNE will intervene the irregularities of the Presidential Election Campaign

CNE will intervene the irregularities of the Presidential Election Campaign

CNE building

DILI, 11 february 2022 (TATOLI) – The Vice President of the National Commission of Election (CNE), Domingos Barreto, said the Government through CNE has regulations to presidential candidates who conducted the irregularities in the Presidential Election Campaign.

“Penal Code of articles 229 – 243 regulates the Criminal Elections and Electoral Fraud which will regulate the irregularities in the process of electoral campaign, the process of counting vote from the municipalities to the national,’’ Vise President of CNE, Domingos Barreto told reporters at the CNE ‘s office, Colmera, Dili, this friday.

Vice President of CNE Domingos, explained that CNE has coordinated with the Timor-Leste National Police (PNTL) to execute all regulations regarding the Presidential Election campaign in Timor-Leste.

“We will process all criminal acts in accordance with the regulations issued by the Government, CNE also cooperated with the Public Prosecutor and the Court to process all irregularities that happened in the Presidential Election campaign process and vote counting from the municipalities to the national,” Domingos said.

CNE urges all presidential candidates to respect each other and not insult each other to avoid irregularities in the Presidential campaign in maintaining a good leadership in the Presidential   election which will be held on 19 march 2022 in Timor-Leste.

However, Law No. 7/2006, of december 28, addresses the Electoral Law for the President of the Republic, publishing that:

Under the terms of United Nations Security Council Resolution no. with the Timorese people. To this end, in 2002, Regulations 2002/1 (On the Election of the First President of an Independent and Democratic Timor-Leste) and 2002/2 (On Election Offenses in Relation to the Election of the First President) were enacted. That same year the first presidential elections were held.

The Constituent Assembly, elected on august 30, 2001, approved the Constitution of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste on march 22, 2002, which entered into force on may 20, 2002.

The election of the President of the Republic is a fundamental act in the free and democratic life of all Timorese with electoral capacity. Therefore, the entry into force of the domestic legal system of the present law that regulates the election of this sovereign body, symbol and guarantor of national independence, the unity of the State and the regular functioning of democratic institutions, is therefore of particular importance.

This diploma emphasizes the independent and non-partisan nature of the presidential magisterium, conveyed by the requirement that the candidacy be proposed by a minimum number of 5,000 voters, from all districts, none of them being able to be represented by less than 100 candidates.

Fundamental principles relating to the electoral campaign are also defined and general rules relating to the presentation of candidacies, the method of election, and the voting process are established, with a detailed definition being referred to regulations.

In procedural matters, this law does not depart from the procedural scheme inherent to the electoral bill for the national parliament, with a view to giving coherence and harmony to the emerging Timorese electoral system.

The National Parliament decrees, under the terms of paragraph 5 of article 65 and paragraph h) of paragraph 2 of article 95 of the Constitution of the Republic, to have effect as law.

In the content of this law, among other articles, it also mentions Electoral Campaign Principles (Article 28), explaining:

1. The electoral campaign is conducted in compliance with the following principles: a) Freedom of electoral propaganda; b)Equality of opportunities and treatment of the different candidacies; c)Impartiality of public entities vis-à-vis candidacies; d)Transparency and inspection of electoral accounts;

2. The CNE verifies the respect for these principles, applicable from the date of the election day, and adopts measures that guarantee its fulfillment and the peaceful development of the electoral campaign.

Article 29 (Electoral propaganda Electoral); propaganda is considered to be any activity aimed directly or indirectly at promoting candidacies, namely the publication of texts or images that express or reproduce the content of that activity.

However, the National Election Commission is the body responsible for supervising the electoral and referendum acts referred to in the Law on Electoral Administration Bodies, and the regulations or other normative acts that implement the electoral or referendum laws.

The CNE has the following competences:

a) Supervise the electoral process;

b) Ensure the application of constitutional and legal provisions relating to the electoral process;

c) Approve the implementing regulations provided for in this law and in the other electoral laws, as well as the codes of conduct for candidates, observers, inspectors and professionals from the media;

d) To promote the objective clarification of citizens about the electoral act through the media;

e)Ensure equal treatment of citizens in all registration and electoral operations;

f) Ensure equal opportunities and freedom of candidacies to advertise during the electoral campaign;

g) Assess and certify party coalitions for electoral purposes and lists of independent candidates;

h) Participate to the Public Prosecutor’s Office any acts that may constitute an electoral offense of which it becomes aware;

i) Prepare and submit to the STJ the provisional minutes with the national results, in order to be able to validate and proclaim the definitive result of the general elections;

j) Check the single voter registration database;

k) Perform the other functions assigned to it by law.

Related news:CNE will organize the Presidential Election debate

Journalist: Camilio de Sousa

Editor: Rafy Belo


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