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TOMAK and RHTO released a report on Disability and Inclusion prevalence in the Agriculture Sector

TOMAK and RHTO released a report on Disability and Inclusion prevalence in the Agriculture Sector

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DILI 21 june 2023 (TATOLI)- The Farming for Prosperity (TOMAK) program and Ra’es Hadomi Timor Oan (RHTO) together with the relevant ministry released a report on Disability prevalence and inclusion report in Agriculture Sector in three municipalities, comprising Baucau, Bobonaro, and Viqueque.

The gender specialist of the TOMAK program, Cecilia Fonseca said the objective of the study was to identify the number of disabled involved in farming activity and also to find the challenge that does not ensure disabled people are farming.

“We are carried out this research to identify the participation of disabled people for involving in farming activity, especially in rural areas, and also to understand the challenges of facing in subsistence farming. We also find out the way to link their products to market.,’’ The gender specialist of the TOMAK program, Cecilia Fonseca said on her presentation in Timor Plaza, Comoro, Tuesday.

She added that the simplest way to understand that is by focusing on common and easily recognizable and understandable difficulties in moving (walking/climbing) self-core seeing, hearing, communicating, and remembering/concentrating.

The data collection identified that the average household income ranged between $.90-100 per month, with 74% of households generating USD 100 or less per month and 46% below the global poverty line 75% describe themselves as economically active and mainly engaged in smallholder framing producing maize/com, while the majority are engaged in planting, harvesting and/or selling.

The second group (qualitative study) comprised 264 people across all five target groups with 50% female and 24% within the 18-29 years of age group. Of these, 160 were people with disabilities. Across both groups, a total of 585 people were interviewed, 481 (82%) were people with disabilities, approximately 50% were female, and 17% were aged 18-29.

The study faced challenges in contacting young people with disabilities in the 18-29 age group, with only 17% of overall informants persons with a disability versus the planned 40%.

She said that the Absence of data and information on disability at the local level highlighted two discrete areas where greater understanding was required:

  1. Disability prevalence in target communities
  2. Specific challenges, needs, capabilities, and opportunities for farmers with disabilities

The first group (quantitative survey) consisted of 376 people with disabilities interviewed through key informant interviews, 50% female and 14% 18-29 years of age.

The second group (qualitative study) comprised 264 people across all five target groups with 50% female and 24% within the 18-29 years of age group. Of these, 160 were people with disabilities.

Across both groups, a total of 585 people were interviewed, 481 (82%) were people with disabilities, approximately 50% were female, and 17% were aged 18-29. The study faced challenges in contacting young people with disabilities in the 18-29 age groups, with only 17% of overall informant persons with a disability versus the planned 40%.

The other purpose of this research is taken to identify all local farmers on their crop production and link them to the market.

The Executive Director of the Ra’es Hadomi Timoroan (RHTO), Joãozito dos Santos said that there are six different disabled communities such as:

  1. Vision Impairment community
  2. Hear disabled community
  3. Physically disabled community
  4. Communication disabled community
  5. Intellectually disabled community
  6. Mentally disabled community

He added that the main challenges that different types of disabled communities faced are level farming lands and long distances, and without infrastructure facilities helping them to do farming activities.

It is known that Data and information gathering was done from 22nd September to 15th October 2022.

The data was collected in 65 aldeia and 14 suku across Baucau, Bobonaro, and Viqueque. The first group (quantitative survey) consisted of 376 people with disabilities interviewed through key informant interviews, 50% female and 14% 18-29 years of age.

This research was released by the Minister of Agriculture and Fishery together with the Minister of Social Solidarity and Inclusion, Secretary of Gender Inclusion, and Ra’es Hadomi Timor Oan (RHTO) non-government organization released a report on Disability Prevalence and Inclusion in Agriculture sector.

So far, based on the 2022 population census data shows there are 308.118 disabled people in different communities. There are 3.2% of disabled people who are unemployed and most, of their life is depending on the agriculture sector as subsistence farmers.

  

Journalist: José Belarmino De Sá

Editor: Nelia

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